It has been a long time since I have written, what a busy month. Last call for November birthstone baubles!
Everywhere you look outdoors in the month of November you are surrounded by the rich spectrum of autumnal colors. The yellows, oranges, reds and browns create a deep, warm color palette. The November birthstones of citrine and topaz capture those colors in a variety of shades. Rich, deep, saturated….COLOR! Autumnal colors layer well. Both citrine and topaz, November’s birthstones, do autumn well.
By the way, if you are looking for an anniversary gift for 13 years of marriage, citrine is the official gemstone for this celebration. I am sure any spouse out there would not complain about receiving a piece of beautiful topaz or citrine jewelry! There are so many choices!
Citrine has always been known as the “healing quartz”. Colors range from pastel yellow to a dark, brownish orange and it is a gemstone plentiful in nature. citrine, provides a much needed burst of sunshine. The warm, sunny color of this popular gemstone inspired its name, derived from the French word “citron,” meaning “lemon”.
A pair of 14 karat yellow gold citrine emerald cut drop earrings. At Mrs. Jones & Co.! See them here!
Citrine, the transparent, pale yellow to brownish orange variety of quartz, is actually quite rare in nature. In the days before modern gemology, its tawny color caused it to be confused with topaz. Citrine’s attractive color, plus the durability and affordability it shares with most other quartzes, makes it the top selling yellow-to-orange gem. It’s an attractive alternative not only for topaz, but also for yellow sapphire. The finest citrine color is a saturated yellow to reddish orange free of brownish tints.
Citrine is part of the mineral species quartz, along with sibling gemstones amethyst, rose quartz, smoky quartz, rock crystal quartz and tiger’s eye quartz. Much of the citrine on the market today is actually amethyst that has been heat-treated to turn it yellow. Occasionally, you will hear citrine referred to as topaz however, topaz is a different mineral as you know from reading my post on topaz. Both citrine and topaz are birthstones for November and the colors of yellow topaz and citrine can easily be confused.
14 karat yellow gold peridot, citrine and blue topaz and diamond earrings at Mrs. Jones & Co. See them here.
Since natural citrine is rare, today most citrine quartz is the result of heat treatment of amethyst quartz. Even so, naturally colored gems from the Victorian era have surfaced and it’s not hard to imagine that citrine was treasured even in earlier times.
This November birthstone comes in the colors of citrus fruits, ranging from deep reddish orange, reminiscent of Madeira wines, to pale and saturated yellow hues. The first recorded used of citrine as a color in English was 1386.
Topaz is also a gemstone available in a rich rainbow of colors. The most prized color of topaz is called Imperial topaz after the Russian Czars of the 1800’s and features a magnificent orange body color with pinkish undertones. Topaz also comes in yellow, pink, purple, orange and the ever popular blue.
14 karat white gold blue topaz briolette drop earrings. At Mrs. Jones & Co.! See them here!
Topaz actually has an exceptionally wide color range that, besides brown, includes various tones and saturations of blue, green, yellow, orange, red, pink, and purple. In nature, colorless topaz is plentiful, and is often treated to give it a blue color. Many consumers know topaz as simply an inexpensive blue gem. In the marketplace, however, strong blue shades are plentiful. Treatments are the reason for this. Treaters use a combination of radiation and heat to produce blue hues in topaz. Since the 1970s, treatments have brought blue topaz to a broad market.
A 14 karat yellow gold round colored stone necklace. At Mrs. Jones & Co.! See it here!
The color varieties are often identified simply by hue name, blue topaz, pink topaz, and so forth, but there are also a couple of special trade names. Imperial topaz is a medium reddish orange to orange-red. This is one of the gem’s most expensive colors. Sherry topaz, named after sherry wine, is a yellowish brown or brownish yellow to orange. Stones in this color range are often called precious topaz to help distinguish them from the similarly colored but less expensive citrine and smoky quartz.
Most authorities agree that the name topaz comes from Topazios, the old Greek name for a small island in the Red Sea, now called Zabargad. (The island never produced topaz, but it was once a source of peridot, which was confused with topaz before the development of modern mineralogy). Some scholars trace the origin back to Sanskrit (an ancient language of India) and the word topas or tapaz, meaning “fire”.
Mazza blue topaz and peridot nugget bracelets at Mrs. Jones & Co.! See them here!
Red is one of the most sought after topaz colors and represents less than one half of 1 percent of facet grade material found. The color the trade calls imperial topaz is highly prized and very rare. Many dealers insist that a stone must show a reddish pleochroic color to be called imperial topaz. The reddish pleochroic color often appears at the ends of fashioned gems such as pears and ovals, that have an otherwise yellow-to-orange body color.
See anything you like?